There are quite a lot of forgeries of Estonian stamps on the market. (Read more about the background here!) Most of the forgeries are of cheaper stamps and have not received much interest in philatelic litterature. The quality of the forgeries is sometimes rather poor, but many of them are still difficult to detect without knowing which criteria to look for. Often, one can quite easily identify a forgery from known criteria, but it can be a bigger problem to decide which stamps are truly genuine. This is especially true with many of the early Estonian issues, since the originals from this period sometimes have an even poorer printing quality than the forgeries.
In this gallery I have listed all Estonian issues before 1945, both those with know forgeries and those WITHOUT. Based on my own collection of forgeries, I will explain how to identify these.
At present, this gallery mostly shows forgeries made by the notorious Jaan Lubi of Viljandi, while most of the air mail forgeries are the works of the SimsonKull organization. Due to their frequent appearance in internet auctions, I have also added a brief gallery of the primitive fake air mail covers made by Victor Salemann of Reval.

1918/19 Mi #14 Forgeries known of all denominations: 5K, 15K, 35K, 70K, also in sheets  All 4 different plate types of Jaan Lubi forgery of 35K Proofs exist 

1919 Mi #5 Forgeries known Essays and proofs exist 

1919 Mi #68 Forgeries known of all denominations Essays and proofs exist 

1919 Mi #911 Forgeries known of all denominations Essays and proofs exist 

1919/22 Mi #1213, 2324 A number of forgeries from different sources are known (SimsonKull, Lubi) Proofs are known 

1920 Mi #14 Several forgeries are known Essays and negative enlarged copies are also known Air mail covers 

1920/24
Mi #1517, 2728, 31, 53 Forgeries known of all denominations and issues  4 different plate types of Jaan Lubi forgeries of #15 shown! Essays and negative enlarged copies are also known 

1920 Mi #1820 Forgeries are known 
1920 Mi #2122 Forgeries known Proofs exist 


1920 Mi #2526 Forgeries are known 

1921 Mi #2930 Forgeries exist No proofs known 

1922/28 Mi #3239, 5759, 73 Forgeries are known Limited no. of proofs exist  #3225 (1/2  2 1/2 Mk) printed in Latvia  #36 imperf. (3 Mk) was printed with genuine, stolen plates  9 Mk Weaver proofs are forgeries 

1923/24 Mi #40, 54 Forgeries are NOT known Essays and proofs exist 

1923 Mi #4145 Many different forgeries exist, both forged overprints on genuine stamps and complete forgeries of stamp + overprint  The different SimsonKull plate types  Air mail covers  Complete sheet of forgeries 

1923 Mi #4647 Many different forgeries exist 
1924 Mi #4852 Forgeries are known 

1924 Mi #5556, 62 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs and colour trials are known 


1926 Mi #6061 Neither forgeries nor proofs are known 
1927 Mi #6367 Forgeries are NOT known Various types of proofs exist 


1928 Mi #6872 Forgeries are known of 10 s imperf, 15 s and 10 s black overprint Proofs exist including proof of overprint on yellowish paper 

1928/40 Mi #7486, 106107, 164 Forgeries are NOT known, but regular stamps with perforation cut off exist Imperf. issues are proofs 

1930 Mi #8789 Neither forgeries nor proofs are known 

1931 Mi #9093 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs exist 
1932
Mi #9497 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs exist 

1933/40 Mi #98, 159, 108, 137 Proofs of 1 Kr (#98/159) and 2 Kr (#137) on coloured paper are forgeries printed with stolen genuine plates Essays and proofs exist 

1933
Mi #99101 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs exist 

1933
Mi #102105 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs exist 

1936 Mi #109112 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs and essays are known 

1936/40 Mi #113119, 124126, 135136, 146147, 156158 Forgeries are NOT known,but false proofs were made after the war with stolen genuine plates Regular proofs also exist 

1936 Mi #120123 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs exist 

1937 Mi #127130 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs and essays are known 

1938 Mi #131134 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs and essays are known 

1938 Mi #138141 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs exist, also false proofs made after the war 

1939 Mi #142145 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs and essays are known 

1939 Mi #148151 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs exist, also false proofs made after the war 

1940 Mi #152155 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs and essays are known 

1940
Mi #160163 Forgeries are NOT known Proofs exist, also false proofs made after the war 
Source: V. Hurt, E. Ojaste: Estonia  Philately  Postal History Handbook  Catalogue, 1986